Moses and AI-Khadir:
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Allah, the Almighty says: “And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: “I will not give up (travelling) until I reach the junction of the two seas or (until) I spend years and years in travelling.” But when they reached the junction of the two seas, they forgot their fish, and it took its way through the sea as in a tunnel. So when they had passed further on (beyond that fixed place), Musa (Moses) said to his boy-servant: “Bring us our morning meal; truly, we have suffered much fatigue in this, our journey.” He said: “Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock? I indeed forgot the fish,; none but Shaitan (Satan) made me forget to remember it, it took its course into the sea in a strange (way)!” [Musa (Moses)] said: “That is what we have been seeking;” So they went back retracing their footsteps; Then they found one of Our slaves, on whom We had bestowed mercy from Us, and whom We had taught knowledge from Us; Musa (Moses) said to him (Al-Khadir): “May I follow you so that you teach me something of that knowledge (guidance and true path) which you have been taught (by Allah)?” He (Al-Khadir) said: “Verily you will not be able to have patience with me! And how can you have patience about a thing which you know not;” Musa (Moses) said: “If Allah wills, you will find me patient, and I will not disobey you in aught;” He (Al-Khadir) said: “Then, if you follow me, ask me not about anything till I myself mention of it to you;” So they both proceeded, till, when they embarked the ship, he (Al-Khadir) scuttled it; Musa (Moses) said: “Have you scuttled it in order to drown its people? Verily, you have committed a thing Imr (a Munkar -evil, bad, dreadful thing); ” He (Al-Khadir) said: “Did I not tell you, that you would not be able to have patience with me?” [Musa (Moses)] said: “Call me not to account for what I forgot,4 and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you);” Then they both proceeded, till they met a boy, and he (Al-Khadir) killed him; Musa (Moses) said: “Have you killed an innocent person who had killed none? Verily, you have committed a thing Nukr (a great Munkar prohibited, evil, dreadful thing)!” (Al- Khadir) said: “Did I not tell you that you can have no patience with me?” [Musa (Moses)] said: “If I ask you anything after this, keep me not in your company, you have received an excuse from me; ” Then they both proceeded, till, when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them; Then they found therein a wall about to collapse and he (Al-Khadir) set it up straight; (Musa (Moses)] said: If you had wished, surely, you could have taken wages for it!” (Al-Khadir) said: “This is the parting between me and you, I will tell you the interpretation of (those)things over which you were unable to hold patience. As for the ship, it belonged to Masakin (poor people) working in the sea. So I wished to make a defective damage in it, as there was a king behind them who seized every ship by force. And as for the boy, his parents were believers, and we feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief. So we intended that their Lord should change him for them for one better in righteousness and nearer to mercy. And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town; and there was under it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man, and your Lord intended that they should attain their age of full strength and take out their treasure as a mercy from your Lord. And I did them not of my own accord. That is the interpretation of those (things) over which you could not hold patience”.
Narrated Ubai bin Ka `b: The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “Once Prophet Moses stood up and addressed Banu Israel. He was asked: “Who is the most learned man amongst the people?” He said: “I am the most learned.” Allah admonished Moses as he did not attribute absolute knowledge to Him (Allah). So Allah inspired to him, “At the junction of the two seas there is a slave of mine who is more learned than you.” Moses said: “O my Lord! How can I meet him?” Allah Almighty said: “Take a fish in a large basket (and proceed) and you will find him at the place where you will lose the fish.” So Moses set out along with his (servant) boy, Yusha` bin Nun and carried a fish in a large basket till they reached a rock, where they laid their heads (i. e. lay down) and slept. The fish came out of the basket and it took its way into the sea as in a tunnel. So it was an amazing thing for both Moses and his (servant) boy. They proceeded for the rest of that night and the following day. When the day broke, Moses said to his (servant) boy to arrange some food since they were tired. Moses did not get tired till he passed the place about which he was told. There the (servant) boy told Moses: “Do you remember when we betook ourselves to the rock, I indeed forgot the fish’. Moses remarked: “That is what we have been seeking. So they went back retracing their footsteps”, till they reached the rock.
There they saw a man covered with a garment (or covering himself with his own garment). Moses greeted him. Al- Khadir replied saying: “How do people greet each other in your land?” Moses said: “I am Moses.” He asked: “The Moses of Banu Israel?” Moses replied in the affirmative and added: “May I follow you so that you teach me of that knowledge which you have been taught.” Al-Khadir replied: “Verily! You will not be able to remain patient with me, 0 Moses! I have some of the knowledge of Allah which He has taught me and which you do not know, while you have some knowledge which Allah has taught you which I do not know.” Moses said: “Allah willing, you will find me patient and I will not disobey you in aught. So both of them set out walking along the seashore, as they did not have a boat. In the meantime a boat passed by them and they requested the crew of the boa(. to take them on board. The crew recognized Al-Khadir and took them on board without fare. Then a sparrow came and stood on the edge of the boat and dipped its beak once or twice in the sea. Al-Khadir said: “O Moses! My knowledge and your knowledge have not decreased Allah’s knowledge except as much as this sparrow has decreased the water of the sea with its beak.” Al Khadir went to one of the planks of the boat and plucked it out. Moses said: “These people gave us a free lift but you have broken their boat and scuttled it so as to drown its people.” Al-Khadir replied: “Didn’t I tell you that you will not be able to remain patient with me.” Moses said: “Call me not to account for what I forgot.” The first (excuse) of Moses was that he had forgotten. Then they proceeded further and found a boy playing with other boys. Al-Khadir took hold of the boy’s head from the top and plucked it out with his hands (i.e. killed him). Moses said: “Have you killed an innocent soul who has killed none.” AI-Khadir replied: “Did I not tell you that you cannot remain patient with me?” Then they both proceeded till when they came to the people of a town, they asked them for food, but they refused to entertain them. Then they found there a wall on the point of collapsing. Al-Khadir repaired it with his own hands. Moses said: “If you had wished, surely you could have taken wages for it.” Al-Khadir replied: “This is the parting between you and me.” The Prophet (Muhammad (Peace be upon him))added: “May Allah be Merciful to Moses! Would that he could have been more patient to learn more about his story with Al-Khadir.”
From that point Al-Khadir started telling Musa (AS) the hidden purposes of the acts that he did on the way. Allah the Almighty says: “And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town”, As Suhaili said: they were Asram and Sarim sons of Kashih. “And there was under it a treasure belonging to them”, i.e. the treasure was gold, or some kind of knowledge. However, the most likely view is that it was some kind of knowledge inscribed on a golden board. Allah’s Saying: “And their father was a righteous man”, i.e. their seventh or tenth grandfather. However, this proves that the righteousness of the father benefits his own children and their children. Allah’s Saying: “as a mercy from your Lord” , this is a textual proof that Al-Khadir was a Prophet and that he did not do anything out of his own desire but as ordered by Allah the Almighty.
Is Al-Khadir Still Alive?
The majority of scholars said: “Al-Khadir is still alive because he was the one who buried Adam (Peace be upon him) after the Deluge and thus he was affected by the invocation of Adam that he who buries him will live long.” Some people said: “he is still alive because he drank of the spring of life.” ‘Abdur Razzaq said: I was told by Mu’ amir that Abu Sa’id AI-Khudri said: “One day Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) narrated to us a long narration about Ad-Dajjal and among the things he narrated to us, was: ‘Ad-Dajjal will come, and he will be forbidden to enter the mountain passes of Medina. He will encamp in one of the salt areas neighboring Medina and there will appear to him a man who will be the best or one of the best of the people. He will say: ‘I testify that you are Ad-Dajjal whose story Allah’s Messenger has told us. ‘Ad Dajjal will say (to his audience): ‘Look, if I kill this man and then give him life, will you have any doubt about my claim?’ They will reply: ‘No.’ Then Ad Dajjal will kill that man and then will make him alive. The man will say: ‘By Allah, now I recognize you more than ever! ‘Ad-Dajjal will then try to kill him (again) but he will not be given the power to do so. “, Mu’amir said: I was told that the man who stands against the Dajjal is Al Khadir and that his neck on that day would be covered with brass.